The basis of writing a farce is simple, but the execution is not.
When writing a farce, the first rule is:
‘The audience knows something the characters do not.’
And that’s it. A very simple idea, but can be one of the most intelligent forms of comedy. Oscar Wilde was incredibly intelligent and astute, and wrote one of my favourite farcical comedies; ‘The Importance of Being Earnest’ in 1895.
Nowadays, we are still seeing forms of farce, with TV programmes such as Frasier and Curb Your Enthusiasm still being made and still popular, the comedy of farce is one that will never go out of fashion. Even in programmes which rely on more base humour, such as Little Britain, elements of farce are still used, such as the famous Lou and Andy sketches. Andy is in a wheelchair, Lou takes him somewhere and Andy gets up to mischief because, unbeknownst to Lou, Andy can actually get around just fine. Even here, the audience knows something the characters do not, and thus comedy is created.